"[128], The passage originally appeared in the Dialogue Held with a Certain Persian, the Worthy Mouterizes, in Anakara of Galatia[129][130] written in 1391 as an expression of the views of the Byzantine emperor Manuel II Paleologus, one of the last Christian rulers before the Fall of Constantinople to the Muslim Ottoman Empire, on such issues as forced conversion, holy war, and the relationship between faith and reason. Consequently, he resigned his post at Munich in early 1982. Italian police reported that the woman had previously attempted to accost the Pope at the previous Christmas Eve Mass, but was prevented from doing so. God created us male and female, equal in dignity, but also with respective and complementary characteristics, so that the two might be a gift for each other, might value each other and might bring into being a community of love and life. Pope Benedict XVI resumed the use of the traditional red papal shoes, which had been used since Roman times by popes but which had fallen into disuse during the pontificate of Pope John Paul II. [256], On 13 November 2006, Benedict said that the dispute over the North Korea nuclear weapons program should be resolved through negotiations, in his first public comment on the security issue, a news report said. Let us turn to Mary with filial trust, so that with her help we may progress in love and make our life a hymn of praise to the Father through the Son in the Holy Spirit. The motto of Pope Benedict XVI is 'cooperatores veritatis'. "[95], Pope Benedict wrote three encyclicals: Deus caritas est (Latin for "God is Love"), Spe Salvi ("Saved by Hope"), and Caritas in veritate ("Love in Truth"). To complete his apocalyptic warnings, Socci reflects on the fact that in the medieval prophecy of St Malachy Pope Benedict XVI is the final pope in the list. [164] On 1 May 2010, the Vatican issued a statement denouncing Maciel's "very serious and objectively immoral acts", which were "confirmed by incontrovertible testimonies" and represent "true crimes and manifest a life without scruples or authentic religious sentiment." [275] During his trip to Australia for World Youth Day in 2008 the media reported that festival organizers lent the Pope a grey cat called Bella[276] to keep him company during his stay. THE MISSION OF JOHN THE BAPTIST (Lk 7:18b–23). [45][46], Ratzinger defended and reaffirmed Catholic doctrine, including teaching on topics such as birth control, homosexuality and inter-religious dialogue. [49], While bishops hold the secrecy pertained only internally, and did not preclude investigation by civil law enforcement, the letter was often seen as promoting a coverup. ADVENT READING: ON HUMILITY AND PEACE FROM “THE IMITATION OF CHRIST”. [27] Following his 14th birthday in 1941, Ratzinger was conscripted into the Hitler Youth—as membership was required by law for all 14-year-old German boys after March 1939[28]—but was an unenthusiastic member who refused to attend meetings, according to his brother. [90], He said that "a dictatorship of relativism"[91] was the core challenge facing the church and humanity. [225], The official style of the former Pope in English is His Holiness Benedict XVI, Supreme Pontiff Emeritus or Pope Emeritus. Pope Francis (Jorge Mario Bergoglio) (Latin: Franciscus, Italian: Francesco, Spanish: Francisco; born on 17 December 1936) is the 266th and current pope of the Roman Catholic Church.He was elected on 13 March 2013. The two most prominent instances were the expansion of the use of the Tridentine Mass and the lifting of the excommunication on four bishops from the Society of St. Pius X (SSPX). SUBSCRIBE TO CATHOLICS STRIVING FOR HOLINESS NEW WEBSITE. According to the German text, the Pope's original comment was that the emperor "addresses his interlocutor in an astoundingly harsh—to us surprisingly harsh—way" (wendet er sich in erstaunlich schroffer, uns überraschend schroffer Form). According to a statement from the Vatican, the timing of the resignation was not caused by any specific illness but was to "avoid that exhausting rush of Easter engagements". Following meetings with various dignitaries on his first day on the island, 50,000 people gathered in a drizzle for Papal Mass on the granaries in Floriana. Despite the more secure setting, Pope Benedict was victim to security risks several times inside Vatican City. Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, Pope Benedict XVI, was born at Marktl am Inn, Diocese of Passau (Germany) on 16 April 1927 (Holy Saturday) and was baptised on the same day. POPE FRANCIS ON THE ASCENSION OF OUR LORD. Primate of Italy. DAILY PRAYER TO SANTO NIÑO (HOLY CHILD JESUS). Benedict XVI made his first public appearance after his resignation at St. Peter's Basilica on 22 February 2014 to attend the first papal consistory of his successor Pope Francis. On 6 September 2006, the Pope began wearing the red cappello romano (also called a saturno), a wide-brimmed hat for outdoor use. It is time to reaffirm the importance of prayer in the face of the activism and the growing secularism of many Christians engaged in charitable work.". This story was inspired by an orange tabby Pentling cat, which belonged to the family next door. Benedict was the first pope to resign without external pressure since Celestine V in 1294. This life of love, according to him, is the life of the saints such as Teresa of Calcutta and the Blessed Virgin Mary, and is the direction Christians take when they believe that God loves them in Jesus Christ. Bishop Bernard Fellay, superior general of the SSPX, expressed "deep gratitude to the Sovereign Pontiff for this great spiritual benefit". In 2001 he created the successor to the decree. "[272] Benedict also stated that Mozart's music affected him greatly as a young man and "deeply penetrated his soul". He said "something like a human ecology" was needed, adding: "Rain forests deserve indeed to be protected, but no less so does man". Music for Catec… [208] Weeks before this, he joined Pope Francis in Saint Peter's Square for an audience with grandparents to honor their importance in society. "[107] The letter also decried "deformations of the liturgy ... because in many places celebrations were not faithful to the prescriptions of the new Missal" as the Second Vatican Council was wrongly seen "as authorising or even requiring creativity", mentioning his own experience. [171] When Maciel was honored by the Pope in 2004, new accusers came forward[171] and Cardinal Ratzinger "took it on himself to authorize an investigation of Maciel". [29] Ratzinger then trained in the German infantry. The fact that the Lord knows how to work and to act even with insufficient instruments comforts me, and above all I entrust myself to your prayers. It had not been seen since the pontificate of Pope John XXIII (1958–1963). This document set out the then reigning Pope's position on the case for worldwide redistribution of wealth in considerable detail and goes on to discuss the environment, migration, terrorism, sexual tourism, bioethics, energy and population issues. He does not live in splendid solitude but rather is an inexhaustible source of life that is ceaselessly given and communicated. Explanations of Pope John Paul II’s shield and motto … The way Pope Benedict XVI, picked his name is interesting. In addition to his travels within Italy, Pope Benedict XVI made two visits to his homeland, Germany, one for World Youth Day and another to visit the towns of his childhood. [151] While in Washington, the pope addressed representatives of US Catholic universities, met with leaders of other world religions, and celebrated Mass at the Washington Nationals' baseball stadium with 47,000 people. [222], In November 2017, images emerged on the Facebook page of the Bishop of Passau Stefan Oster of Benedict with a black eye; the bishop and author Peter Seewald visited the former pope on 26 October since the pair were presenting Benedict with the new book Benedict XVI – The German Pope which the Passau diocese created. [245], During a 2012 Christmas speech,[249] the pope made remarks about the present-day interpretation of the notion of "gender". He was promoted within the College of Cardinals to become Cardinal Bishop of Velletri-Segni in 1993 and was made the college's vice-dean in 1998 and dean in 2002. In June 2020, Benedict visited his dying brother Georg in Germany for the last time. At the root of this problem, he said, is Kant's "self-limitation of reason". [241], During his time as Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF), Benedict XVI made several efforts to tackle the issue of homosexuality within the Church and the wider world. Rarely used by John Paul II, it was more widely worn by his predecessors. Pope Benedict XVI celebrated his first canonizations on 23 October 2005 in St. Peter's Square when he canonized Josef Bilczewski, Alberto Hurtado SJ, Zygmunt Gorazdowski, Gaetano Catanoso and Felice da Nicosia. Rom 8:15,17). Cardinal Clemens August Graf von Galen was beatified on 9 October 2005. [189], In 2013 it was reported that Benedict has multiple health problems including high blood pressure and reportedly has fallen out of bed more than once, but the Vatican denied any specific illnesses. [18] He has been described as "the main intellectual force in the Church" since the mid-1980s.[19]. [207] He attended the beatification of Pope Paul VI in October 2014. Pope Benedict XVI is a retired prelate of the Catholic Church who served as head of the Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 2005 until his resignation in 2013. Also in 2006, Benedict met Rowan Williams, Archbishop of Canterbury and spiritual head of the Anglican Communion. In an address to a conference of the Diocese of Rome held at the basilica of St. John Lateran 6 June 2005, Benedict remarked on the issues of same sex marriage and abortion: The various forms of the dissolution of matrimony today, like free unions, trial marriages and going up to pseudo-matrimonies by people of the same sex, are rather expressions of an anarchic freedom that wrongly passes for true freedom of man...from here it becomes all the more clear how contrary it is to human love, to the profound vocation of man and woman, to systematically close their union to the gift of life, and even worse to suppress or tamper with the life that is born.[94]. And I still remember vividly the then Cardinal Ratzinger sitting on the edge of his chair. ", "General Audience of 27 April 2005 – BENEDICT XVI", "Response of His Holiness Benedict XVI for the examination of the cause for beatification and canonization of the Servant of God John Paul II", "John Paul II's Cause for Beatification Opens", "Pope beatifies Cardinal Newman as his UK tour ends (with video clip)", "Pope Schedules Five Canonizations for May–June", "Pope Announces Canonisation of India's First Native Woman Saint", "26 April 2009: Holy Mass for the Canonization of Arcangelo Tadini, Bernardo Tolomei, Nuno de Santa Maria Alvares Pereira, Gertrude Comensoli and Caterina Volpicelli – BENEDICT XVI", "Pope canonises 'lepers' apostle' and four others", "11 October 2009: Canonization of five new Saints: Zygmunt Szczęsny Feliński, Francisco Coll y Guitart, Josef Daamian de Veuster, Rafael Arnáiz Barón, Marie de la Croix (Jeanne) Jugan – BENEDICT XVI", "Pope Creates First Australian Saint, 5 Others", "Pope Benedict canonizes three new saints", "Pope advances sainthood causes of Kateri Tekakwitha, others", "Pope Canonizes 7 Saints, Including 2 Women With New York Ties", "Pope names 2 church doctors: preacher St. John of Avila and mystic St. Hildegard of Bingen", "Council for Interreligious Dialogue to be restored, Vatican says", "Pope appoints Archbishop Fisichella to lead Council for New Evangelization", "Pope transfers responsibility for catechesis, seminaries", "Mass for the Inauguration of the Pontificate of Pope Benedict XVI – Homily of His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI", "To the Clergy of Rome, with Response to Interventions by Roman Clergy", "The Secret of Love, According to Benedict XVI – Pope Explains Encyclical to Readers of Italian Magazine", Relativism: The Central Problem for Faith Today, "Address of His Holiness Benedict XVI to the participants in the Ecclesial Diocesan Convention of Rome", "Coverage of World Youth Day exclusively by NCR Report #4: Do-it-yourself religion 'cannot ultimately help us,' pope tells youth", "Apostolic Journey to Cologne: Vigil with youth at Marienfeld area (August 20, 2005) – BENEDICT XVI", "Cardinal Ratzinger on Europe's Crisis of Culture (Part 4)", "Benedict's First Encyclical Shuns Strictures of Orthodoxy", "The pope needs a theologian? [192] At the age of 85 years and 318 days on the effective date of his retirement, he was the fourth-oldest person to hold the office of pope. The journalist Charlotte Allen describes Benedict as "the pope of aesthetics": "He has reminded a world that looks increasingly ugly and debased that there is such a thing as the beautiful—whether it's embodied in a sonata or an altarpiece or an embroidered cope or the cut of a cassock—and that earthly beauty ultimately communicates a beauty that is beyond earthly things. [39][40] Several of Benedict's former students became his confidantes, notably Christoph Schönborn, and a number of his former students sometimes meet for discussions. He struggles to identify Francis as “Peter the Roman” and finds an obscure link between the author of the Malachy prophecy and the Italian town of Bergoglio. Also included in Charity in Truth is advocacy for tax choice: One possible approach to development aid would be to apply effectively what is known as fiscal subsidiarity, allowing citizens to decide how to allocate a portion of the taxes they pay to the State. ; born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger, German: [ˈjoːzɛf ˈalɔʏzi̯ʊs ˈʁatsɪŋɐ], 16 April 1927) is a retired prelate of the Catholic Church who served as head of the Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 2005 until his resignation in 2013. The inscription on the statue, according to Cardinal Giovanni Lajolo, has the coat of arms of the two popes to symbolize the fact that the statue was commissioned by Benedict XVI, and consecrated by Francis.[205]. [107] For regularly scheduled public celebrations of the Tridentine Mass, the permission of the priest in charge of the church is required. Roger Etchegaray, 87, the vice-dean of the College of Cardinals, fell also and suffered a hip fracture. [265] The Pope met with President Nguyễn Minh Triết on 11 December 2009. [214][215], Benedict, in August 2015, submitted a handwritten card to act as a testimony to the cause of canonization of Pope John Paul I. Basil Moreau was beatified September 2007. [114] Benedict also acknowledged the Lutheran church, saying that he has had friends in that denomination. From 2002 until his election as pope, he was also Dean of the College of Cardinals. Kindly help more people in their Christian life by liking our page and inviting your family, friends and relatives to do so as well. Thanks to St. Benedict and Western monasticism, the demise of classical civilization was the occasion for a new beginning and, eventually, a nobler civilizational accomplishment. "[167] As the Head of the CDF, Ratzinger developed a reputation for handling these cases. He views relativism's denial of objective truth, and the denial of moral truths in particular, as the central problem of the 21st century. "[18], Prior to his election as pope in 2005, Ratzinger had hoped to retire—on account of age-related health problems, a long-held desire to have free time to write, and the retirement age for bishops (75)—and submitted his resignation as Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith three times, but continued at his post in obedience to the wishes of Pope John Paul II. POPE BENEDICT XVI’ REFLECTION ON THE 4TH SUNDAY OF ADVENT YEAR B, POPE FRANCIS’ REFLECTION ON THE 4TH SUNDAY OF ADVENT YEAR B. [227] Moreover, according to the 1983 Code of Canon Law he is also Bishop Emeritus of Rome, retaining the sacred character received at his ordination as a bishop and receiving the title of emeritus of his diocese; although he doesn't use this style. Rolly Arjonillo. "[244][245][246], LGBT groups such as the Italian Arcigay and German LSVD have announced that they found the pope's comments homophobic. At the age of five, Ratzinger was in a group of children who welcomed the visiting Cardinal Archbishop of Munich, Michael von Faulhaber, with flowers. And lastly, it is fruitful for society, because family life is the first and irreplaceable school of social virtues, such as respect for persons, gratuitousness, trust, responsibility, solidarity, cooperation. zum offiziellen Besuch in Deutschland", "Pope Benedict XVI begins first U.S. tour", "Bush, Thousands of Fans Welcome Pope at White House on His Birthday", "Pope Benedict Says Mass Before 47,000 in New Washington Stadium", "After Ground Zero Prayer, Pope Ministers to 60,000 in Stadium", "Pope apologises for 'evil' of child sex abuse", "Pope OK after woman knocks him down at Mass", "Pope delivers Christmas blessing after fall", "Pope Benedict forgives Susanna Maiolo one day after she knocked him down during Christmas Eve Mass", "Wrap-up: Pope Benedict's historic Malta visit ends", "Money paved way for Maciel's influence in the Vatican", "Will Ratzinger's past trump Benedict's present? In late November 2006 Vatican insiders told the international press that the Pope had had a routine examination of the heart. -18 May 2008, The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are one because God is love and love is an absolute life-giving force; the unity created by love is a unity greater than a purely physical unity. [12] He has lived in Rome since 1981. POPE BENEDICT XVI ON THE ASCENSION OF THE LORD. [255], In 2007, Benedict sent a letter at Easter to Catholics in China that could have wide-ranging implications for the church's relationship with China's leadership. According to Charles J. Scicluna, a former prosecutor handling sexual abuse cases, "Cardinal Ratzinger displayed great wisdom and firmness in handling those cases, also demonstrating great courage in facing some of the most difficult and thorny cases, sine acceptione personarum (without exceptions)". Father Ratzinger is the first diocesan priest in 80 years to take on the pastoral governance of the Bavarian archdiocese. The Financial Times reported that Benedict XVI's advocacy for a fairer redistribution of wealth helped set the agenda for the 2009 July G8 summit.[268][269]. ROME -- A close aide to emeritus Pope Benedict XVI has denied the former pontiff is playing any behind-the-scenes role over the issue of Communion for. "[111] The document has been seen as restating "key sections of a 2000 text the pope wrote when he was prefect of the congregation, Dominus Iesus. Biography of Pope Benedict XVI. Continuing what he said in the pre-conclave Mass about what he often referred to as the "central problem of our faith today",[89] on 6 June 2005 Pope Benedict also said: Today, a particularly insidious obstacle to the task of education is the massive presence in our society and culture of that relativism which, recognising nothing as definitive, leaves as the ultimate criterion only the self with its desires. "[86] He also said: "We are all called to open ourselves to this friendship with God... speaking to him as to a friend, the only One who can make the world both good and happy... That is all we have to do is put ourselves at his disposal...is an extremely important message. Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, Pope Benedict XVI, was born at Marktl am Inn, Diocese of Passau (Germany) on 16 April 1927 (Holy Saturday) and was baptised on the same day. The latest issue of the SSPX's newsletter for German-speaking countries ... contains several anti-Semitic statements. [144] His visit to Turkey, an overwhelmingly Muslim nation, was initially overshadowed by the controversy about a lecture he had given at Regensburg. God wants us to be friends of his friends and we can be so, if we are interiorly close to them. -Benedict XVI, June 11, 2006. This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 22:09. They were both ordained in Freising on 29 June 1951 by Cardinal Michael von Faulhaber of Munich. Nevertheless, the remarks were interpreted as a call to save mankind from homosexuals and transsexuals. Pope Benedict XVI has appointed Bishop George J. Lucas, 59, to serve as the new Archbishop of Omaha, after accepting the resignation of Omaha’s Archbishop Elden Curtiss. He further said that "The Lord wins in the end. "[245] Canadian author Daniel Gawthrop, in a critical biography, The Trial of Pope Benedict, said that the Pope blamed homosexuality "for a problem the church had willingly enabled for hundreds of years. As pope, one of Benedict XVI's main roles was to teach about the Catholic faith and the solutions to the problems of discerning and living the faith,[82] a role that he could play well as a former head of the Church's Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. AV greeting and prayer. In April, the Vatican issued guidelines on how existing Church law should be implemented. The theme of Pope Benedict XVI's visit is supposed to be "heart speaks unto heart", the conciliatory motto of John Henry Newman, the charismatic … I ask you to “abide” in the adoration of Christ, truly present in the Eucharist. On 12 September 2006 he delivered a lecture which touched on Islam at the University of Regensburg in Germany. The name was proposed by the asteroid's first discoverers, L. D. Schmadel and F. Borngen at Tautenburg.[284]. [221], In July 2017, Benedict sent a message through his private secretary Monsignor Gänswein for the occasion of the funeral of Cardinal Joachim Meisner, who had suddenly died while on vacation in Germany. During this time, he distanced himself from the atmosphere of Tübingen and the Marxist leanings of the student movement of the 1960s that quickly radicalised, in the years 1967 and 1968, culminating in a series of disturbances and riots in April and May 1968. This prayer has historically been contentious in Judaic-Catholic relations and several groups saw the restoration of the Tridentine Mass as problematic. WEDNESDAY, 3RD WEEK OF ADVENT GOSPEL, REFLECTION AND COMMENTARY. [115] However, his election received a more reserved response from the United Kingdom's Chief Rabbi Jonathan Sacks, who hoped that Benedict would "continue along the path of Pope John XXIII and Pope John Paul II in working to enhance relations with the Jewish people and the State of Israel. Benedict XVI, who entered the basilica through a discreet entrance, was seated in a row with several other cardinals. He is the oldest person to have been elected pope since Pope Clement XII (1730–40). [61] The decision was announced on 13 May 2005, the Feast of Our Lady of Fátima and the 24th anniversary of the attempt on John Paul II's life. From an address by Pope Benedict XVI to the 26th General Chapter of the Salesian Congregation, 31 M ... At the school of St Joseph Cafasso, your Founder learned to make his own the motto "Give me souls, take away all else", as the synthesis of a model of pastoral action inspired by the figure and spirituality of St Francis de Sales. When a priest becomes a Bishop, he must choose a motto and a coat of arms. Struck by the cardinal's distinctive garb, he announced later that day that he wanted to be a cardinal. [25] Pope Benedict's elder brother, Georg Ratzinger, was a Catholic priest and was the former director of the Regensburger Domspatzen choir. [186] In May 2005 the Vatican announced that he had suffered another mild stroke. In his personal explanation and summary of the encyclical, he stated: "If friendship with God becomes for us something ever more important and decisive, then we will begin to love those whom God loves and who are in need of us. Bishop emeritus of Rome. Vatican officials called the meeting "a significant stage in the progress of bilateral relations with Vietnam. Pope Benedict XVI (Joseph Ratzinger) 2005.04.19 – 2013.02.28. He is the third and youngest child of Joseph Ratzinger Sr., a police officer, and Maria Ratzinger (née Peintner); his grand-uncle was the German priest-politician Georg Ratzinger. Servant of the Servants of God Lombardi told journalists on 15 June. [257], In a 2004 Le Figaro interview, Ratzinger said that Turkey, which is demographically Muslim but governmentally secular by virtue of its state constitution, should seek its future in an association of Muslim nations rather than the European Union, which Ratzinger stated has Christian roots. [67] Pope Benedict XVI canonized Bishop Rafael Guizar y Valencia, Mother Theodore Guerin, Filippo Smaldone and Rosa Venerini on 15 October 2006. This is a stretch. On 19 September 2010, during his visit to the United Kingdom, Benedict personally proclaimed the beatification of John Henry Newman. In his early twenties, he was deeply influenced by the thought of Italian German Romano Guardini[34] who taught in Munich 1946 to 1951 when Ratzinger was studying in Freising and later at the University of Munich. In this connection, the Enlightenment is of Christian origin and it is no accident that it was born precisely and exclusively in the realm of the Christian faith....It was and is the merit of the Enlightenment to have again proposed these original values of Christianity and of having given back to reason its own voice... Today, this should be precisely [Christianity's] philosophical strength, in so far as the problem is whether the world comes from the irrational, and reason is not other than a 'sub-product,' on occasion even harmful of its development—or whether the world comes from reason, and is, as a consequence, its criterion and goal...In the so necessary dialogue between secularists and Catholics, we Christians must be very careful to remain faithful to this fundamental line: to live a faith that comes from the Logos, from creative reason, and that, because of this, is also open to all that is truly rational. Bush. "[111], Benedict XVI condemned excessive consumerism, especially among youth. "[242], In 1992, he again approved CDF documents declaring that homosexual "inclination itself must be seen as an objective disorder" and extended this principle to civil law. For much more, visit Totus2us.org - dedicated to Our Lady, it was inspired by our holy fathers St John Paul II and Papa Benedict XVI. Communio, now published in seventeen languages, including German, English and Spanish, has become a prominent journal of contemporary Catholic theological thought. [77], On 7 October 2012, Pope Benedict XVI named Hildegard of Bingen and John of Avila Doctors of the Church, the 34th and 35th individuals so recognised in the history of Christianity. Music for Catechesis on the Saints - To the Ends of the Earth by Fr Rob Galea - ℗ 2011 Robert Galea - used with permission. [213] The library section dedicated to his life and thought is being catalogued. God is wholly and only love, the purest, infinite and eternal love. This happened before, when Pope Paul VI waived the five-year rule and announced beatification processes for two of his predecessors, Pope Pius XII and Pope John XXIII. https://www.catholicsstrivingforholiness.org/solemnity-of-the-most-holy-trinity-year-a-mass-prayers-and-readings/, Catholics Striving for holiness Home page, Catholics Striving for Holiness Privacy Policy. [204] In the monastery, the pope emeritus does not live a cloistered life, but studies and writes. 1, 3-14), the apostle Paul raises a prayer of blessing God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ - a prayer that we have just heard - that introduces us … Return SEE AS WELL: Supreme Pontiff emeritus. [136], While visiting Brazil in May 2007, "the pope sparked controversy by saying that native populations had been 'silently longing' for the Christian faith brought to South America by colonizers. Sovereign of the Vatican City State. Ratzinger chose the pontifical name Benedict, which comes from the Latin word meaning "the blessed", in honour of both Pope Benedict XV and Saint Benedict of Nursia. After a long career as a professor of theology at several German universities, he was appointed Archbishop of Munich and Freising and Cardinal by Pope Paul VI in 1977, an unusual promotion for someone with little pastoral experience. In particular, Dominus Iesus, published by the congregation in the jubilee year 2000, reaffirmed many recently "unpopular" ideas, including the Catholic Church's position that "Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved." [15] Pope Benedict also revived a number of traditions, including elevating the Tridentine Mass to a more prominent position. On Wednesday, 6 June 2007 during his General Audience a man leapt across a barrier, evaded guards and nearly mounted the Pope's vehicle, although he was stopped and Benedict seemed to be unaware of the event. In a word, we have been given the task of building church communities that are more and more like families, able to reflect the beauty of the Trinity and to evangelize not only by word, but I would say by “radiation”, in the strength of living love.It is not only the Church that is called to be the image of One God in Three Persons, but also the family, based on marriage between man and woman. In April 2005, before his election as pope, he was identified as one of the 100 most influential people in the world by Time. During his time at Tübingen University, Ratzinger published articles in the reformist theological journal Concilium, though he increasingly chose less reformist themes than other contributors to the magazine such as Küng and Schillebeeckx. 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