The millipede is an omnivorous animal but primarily feeds on dead plant material and decaying matter on the forest floor. Depending on the type of millipede, the female may lay anywhere from a few dozen to several thousand eggs in her lifetime. Although the name millipede means “thousand-feet,” the giant African millipede only has about 300 to 400 legs. (Centipedes have only one pair of legs per segment.) Millipede species like Badplaas black millipede, Ruby-legged black millipede, and Zululand black millipede are considered endangered due to pollution and habitat loss. Learn the difference between Centipede and Millipede. Body may be flattened or cylindrical. Centipede and millipedes belong to class Chilopoda of the subphylum Myriapoda, which is an arthropod group of multi-legged creatures. Types of Millipedes Millipede Species Identification. Millipedes are also known to eat some species of plants (that are alive) and the larger species of millipede also hunt insects. Kingdom Animalia (Animals) Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods) Subphylum Myriapoda (Myriapods) Class Diplopoda (Millipedes) The largest of the 10,000 species of millipede, these gentle giants call the rain forests of Africa home. Mated female millipedes lay their eggs in the soil. Despite their abundance and importance, millipedes remain understudied. The Millipede Life Cycle . The arthropod with 1,000 feet? Arthropod experts have identified almost 1,000 species of millipedes in the United States, so the types of millipedes are plentiful and quite diverse.. Millipedes are fairly easy to identify since they have many legs – one pair of legs on their first three body segments and two pairs on the other body segments. Archispirostreptus gigas, known as the giant African millipede or shongololo, is the largest extant species of millipede, growing up to 33.5 centimetres (13.2 in) in length, 67 millimetres (2.6 in) in circumference.It has approximately 256 legs, although the number of legs changes with each molting so it can vary according to each individual.. Some species lay eggs singly, while others deposit them in clusters. The basis of comparison include: body shape, classification, number of legs per segment, legs appearance, spiracles, genital opening, number of legs, antennae, movement, reproduction among many others. 12,000 species of millipedes have been identified globally, but estimates of the true number of species out there on Earth range from 15,000 to 80,000 – either way there are at least 3,000 millipede species out there to discover. Many species, particularly in the orders Polydesmida and Platydesmida, possess lateral expansions of the dorsum called “paranota” that increase the surface area and impart a flattened appearance to the organism, hence the term “flat-backed” millipedes. Some can even cause problems in the garden by eating seedlings and leaves. Because of this, it’s probably the most well known of all the giant millipedes, and one of the most sought after. It can grow to an incredible 15 inches long. This species usually has symbiotic mites living on … Most species are abundant in the wild. The largest living species of millipede anywhere on earth. The legs of millipede all work together and move in a wave-like motion. Millipede means … Millipedes have two pairs of legs on all but the first three body segments (47-375 leg pairs and 25-189 body segments, not counting head and tail segment). 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